Morphemes are of two types: constituents and facultative. The constituent or mandatory are the grammatical gender (masculine and feminine) and number (singular or plural). As the qualifying adjective does not have a specific genre, is limited to adopt that of the noun to which accompanies. You can submit two forms: a variable, which offers a termination for males and another for females, whose opposition is – or / – a, – Finder, o/a: good/good, rubiete/rubieta, / singing, singing and other unchanging, whose unique shape serves for both genders: rebel, child. When they appear mounted to a noun, some adjectives have a shortened form: bad thing / bad news. See Apocope.
The adjective takes the same number that’s the noun, since established the concordance with him. Adjectives ending in unstressed vowel in the singular form their plural by adding an – s; that in the singular end in a consonant or vowel tonic, do so by adding – is. al Northland-2011. The article is not, as it is the case with the noun, a morpheme of the adjective. If an article and an adjective without any noun that complete appear in a phrase, the article substantive to the adjective.See also Nominalization. The adjective constituent physicians are prefixes and suffixes, which modify the meaning of the lexeme. Suffixes can be: augmentative, diminutivos and derivatives. Examples of analysis of adjectives from the formal point of view: short: baj-(lexeme), – it-(diminutive morpheme),- or (grammatical gender morpheme),-o (absence of grammatical number morpheme). Mexican: Mexic-(lexeme), – an-(derivative morpheme),-to (morpheme grammatical gender),-s (grammatical number morpheme). Some adjectives are formed from primitive words that originally did not have this grammatical category, for they were nouns, adjectives or verbs, but that by adding to its lexeme a morpheme derivative, in addition to giving it a new meaning, has turned them into adjetivo:colonia, colonial;wheat, trigueno; Blue, bluish; loving, friendly; heard, audible. Others have been formed from two primitive words: barbilampino, sweet and sour.