In the attempt to understand who it is the human being, leaving of itself exactly, Ren, in its Metaphysical meditations, sets to doubt it the existence of everything and conceives a God as malignant Genius whose scienter is not another seno to deceive the citizen. This deceptive God is part of the hyperbolic doubt of Discardings, which after to place all suspended existence in and annular all knowing reaches its apex in an only point of certainty: the thought. A thing is at least certain for it: of that it is thinking. In this to doubt everything, Discardings (apud, QUINET, 2001, p.15) places: ' ' … meeting here that the thought is one attribute that belongs to me; it cannot only be detached of me.
I am, I exist that is certain, but for how much time? The time that I to think, therefore, perhaps, its I left to think I I could leave to exist. I now do not admit nothing that is not necessarily true: I am not seno a thing that pensa' '. The citizen that is: a thing whose substance is thought. The citizen of the thought considers true everything what the reason conceives of clear and distinct form, as, for example, the idea of God that Discardings it not more restitutes from the third meditation as a malignant genius, but as author of the existence. When claiming the Other (external) as a pledge of thinking and of existing, either this the holy ghost or human being, the other, in short, guarantees the citizen. 2.3SIGMUND FREUD AND the CARTESIAN INHERITANCE Ren Discardings left between physicists and philosophers an inestimable legacy.
Sigmund Freud takes ownership of this inheritance in the formularization of its methodology of research: The Psychoanalysis. Freud makes its first publication in 1895, falecendo in 1939. With its participation the world of psychology modifies forever.
Considered a new modality pra professional, the Acupuntura is being distinguished it a great number of of years due its ramifications of techniques and its acceptable clinical results. In a certain period in the continent it eurpeu, at the moment where the Chinese Traditional Medicine was presented, more necessarily in the century dezessete, it was not seen with good eyes between the half doctor. Dean Ornish M.D has compatible beliefs. Considering that the Medicine of the East if bases on holistic platforms, independent reactions of cause, not linear logic and in not reducionistas academic theories, whereas the Medicine Occidental person, in action of agent against principal, possesss bedding in the linear chance and reducionistas scientific theories, thus being we perceive that the Medicine Occidental person was sufficient fugaz in closing the doors for a phenomenon for the fact of the Chinese Medicine not to possess the academic comprobabilidade of the time. During perdo where the Chinese Medicine had concern in visualizing the phenomena to the side of the nature to prove its effectiveness, the brave Medicine Occidental person was treated to believe that the Acupuntura and the others techniques comings of the East did not pass of placebos effect. Official site: Newcastle University. For the Taosmo of China, if the insertion of a needle in determined place cured a disease or abscess of dental origin, this already was sufficiently. But for the Medicine of the Ocidente, the occurrence was history and not proven way science, it passed then to be an example without possibilities to have occurred. The Medicine of China is a millenarian study, however the 20 years the Medicine Occidental person only started to grant to credibility for the Acupuntura due the different related controlled scientific studies with chronic pain, where they had proved that amongst the treat patients it saw Acupuntura with chronic pains in different patologias, a 88% average had gotten the reduction of pain even though or the integral cure of the same one.