Relation between the Fonoaudiologia and the Orthodontics Fg Alessandra Regiane D.V Cajueiro the Fonoaudiologia is a science that studies and works with the communication human being, as well as all the areas that directly or indirectly, intervenes or participates of this process. The fonoaudilogo is a professional who acts in promotion and prevention of the health carrying through evaluation, diagnosis, orientation and therapy in the areas of verbal language and writing, speaks, voice and hearing. For dealing with the communication human being, the Fonoaudiologia also directly is related with the Orthodontics, a time that the problems of me the dental occlusion can generate alterations in the verbal language. Between these alterations, we can cite the buccal breath, atypical deglutition (alteration in the normal mechanism of the deglutition), articulatrios disfuno of the suction or the face expression (had the muscular alterations) and still, dislalias or riots (alterations in the sounds of speak). The etiology of me the occlusion can be related to the factors as hereditary succession; defects in the embryonic phase; traumas, that can in such a way occur in the period daily pay how much after-Christmas; physical agents, as deciduous tooth extration before the time; vicious buccal habits, as to absorb finger or use drawn out of chupeta and baby’s bottle or illnesses. Inside of the patologias, we can cite the generalities as endocrinolgicas illnesses, that can modify the sseo-muscular development, neurological imaturidades or alterations in the peripheral inervao.
Some local illnesses as alteration of adenoids, buccal, hipotonia breath (weakness) muscular, gengivites or tumors in the verbal socket, also can cause it to me occlusion. It is important that the individual with alterations in the occlusion carries through fonoaudiolgica therapy together or after the orthodontic treatment, with the objective to adjust the orofacial musculatura in such a way how much structures as lips, language, cheeks, palato (sky of the mouth) that they participate and they influence in the functions of suction, chew and deglutition, beyond adjusting the articulatrio process that, in many cases, can be modified. The guiding for the fonoaudilogo must be made whenever the alteration of the form to justify the functional alteration. A multicriteria fonoaudiolgica evaluation is necessary so that let us can identify which structures and/or functions are compromised. In this manner, after the withdrawal of the orthodontic device, the possibilities of returns are practically null. The fonoaudiolgico work searchs a balance between the musculatura and the face skeleton, beyond the dental occlusion. The joint work of the fonoaudilogo with the ortodontista contributes for the harmony between form and function, face balance, stability of the case, aesthetic and quality of life of the patient. For this reason, the partnership between the Fonoaudiologia and the Orthodontics are very important in the cases of me the occlusion.
In case of doubts, it talks with its ortodontista and it consults a fonoaudilogo, therefore these professional are qualified to take care of of its buccal health and verbal communication.